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RISE OF NADIR KULI                343

Defeating a Turkish army near Hamadan, he gained
possession of both Irak and Azerbaijan, and he was
besieging Erivan when news of a rebellion in Khorasan
diverted him for a while from his main objective. He
raised the siege at once and marched some fourteen
hundred miles eastwards to invest Herat.

Tahmasp^s Disastrous Campaign against the Turks, A.H.
1144 (1731).—Shah Tahmasp, fired by Nadir Kuli's
successes, determined to take the field in person against
the Turks. The defeat of the Ottoman army had reacted
on the situation in Constantinople, where the Janissaries
had dethroned Ahmad III. and placed Mahmud V. on
the throne. Nadir Kuli despatched an envoy to the new
Sultan. However, before the result of this mission was
known, Tahmasp began a fresh siege of Erivan. But he
retreated from before that fortress, was defeated by a
Turkish army at Korijan, near Hamadan, with heavy
losses, and in a single month lost all that Nadir had won
back. In the following^ear he made a treaty with the
Turks, by the terms of which the Aras became the
boundary of Persia, ^e ceded Ganja, Tiflis, Erivan,
Nakhchivan, Shamakha, *"and Daghestan, but retained
Tabriz, Ardelan, KermanshaH, Hamadan, and Luristan.
The treaty, which contained eight articles, also dealt with
pilgrimage, commerce, the establishment of consuls at
t Constantinople and Isfahan and other matters. There
was no provision for the release of Persian prisoners.

His 'Dethronement in A.H. 1145 (1732).—The defeat
of Tahmasp afforded Nadir Kuli the pretext he had
hitherto lacked In the first pkce, he issued a proclama-
tion protesting against the treaty in no measured terms.
To quote from the Jahangusha : " As the articles are
against the pleasure of the Most High and contrary to
the interest of this empire, we have not thought it right
to agree to them. Moreover, the very angels which
surround the tomb of the great Caliphs, Commanders of
the Faithful, and above all the victorious Ali son of Abu
Talib, on wfa^m be the peace of the Lord ! desire before
the throne of God the release of Moslem prisoners.

1 Vol. xi p. 236.